profesionální vybavení genetických a cytogenetických pracovišť
SONDY  / MetaSystems / human / XL hematology
 
XL t(11;19) KMT2A/MLLT1 DF

Katalogové číslo: D-5136-100-OG
Značení: Zelená Oranžová
Velikost balení: 100 µl
Chromosom:
XL t(11;19) KMT2A/ELL DF is designed as a dual fusion probe. The orange labeled probe is located in band 19p13.1 (ELL), the green labeled probe spans the breakpoint at 11q23.3 (KMT2A).

Chromosomal rearrangements of the KMT2A (lysine methyltransferase 2A) gene, formerly MLL (mixed lineage leukemia), are associated with various hematological disorders. Most patients suffer from acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), while only a minority develops mixed lineage leukemia (MLL). Several chromosomal aberrations involving the KMT2A gene have been identified. However, the majority of leukemias result from translocations leading to KMT2A fusions. More than 90 KMT2A translocation partner genes fused to the 5´- KMT2A portion have been identified. The most common translocation partners in KMT2A associated leukemia are AFF1, MLLT3, MLLT1, MLLT10, ELL and AFDN, described here in the order of their frequency. Fusions between KMT2A and ELL (elongation factor for RNA polymerase II), caused by translocations of the type t(11;19)(q23;p13.1), belong to the most common KMT2A fusion genes in AML. Approximately 11% of AML patients carrying KMT2A rearrangements are characterized by the KMT2A-ELL fusion gene. The breakpoints within the KMT2A gene resulting in KMT2A-ELL fusions are found in intron 9 in the case of patients younger than one year and in intron 11 in the case of patients older than one year. This breakpoint distribution is unique among all KMT2A fusions. The outcome of patients with breakpoints in KMT2A intron 11 is worse compared to patients with upstream breakpoints. ELL is a component of the super elongation complex (SEC). Chimeric KMT2A-ELL fusion proteins have the ability to recruit SEC resulting in aberrant gene expression.

Cena za kus: pro registrované